The Argentine Football Association confirmed the news on Wednesday and posted a short message on its social media platforms.
Regarded as one of the greatest players in the history of the game, Maradona became a household name after inspiring his country to World Cup glory in 1986.
He took center stage at the tournament with a memorable performance against England where he scored an iconic goal that he later described as the “Hand of God.”
The diminutive forward out-jumped legendary keeper Peter Shilton and punched the ball into the net. Despite the obvious handball, the goal was allowed to stand because the referee did not see the foul.
Later in the game he scored one of the best goals in history after weaving his way past seven English defenders.
Argentina’s President Alberto Fernandez announced three days of national mourning for the passing of the superstar, and posted a tribute to Maradona on Twitter.
Meanwhile, UEFA president Aleksander Čeferin said a minute’s silence would be observed ahead of all European matches this week in honor of the Argentine.
“He will go down in history as someone who set football alight and thrilled fans young and old with his brilliance and skill,” Čeferin said in a statement.
Life off the pitch
Maradona also played for leading European clubs such as Barcelona and Napoli in a glittering career that was also marked by numerous controversies.
He won two Serie A titles with the Italian side which tweeted “Forever. Goodbye Diego” along with a blue heart.
When Maradona joined Napoli, one newsreader remarked, “the poorest city in Italy buys the most expensive player in the world.”
Whilst his performances on the pitch dazzled, Maradona faced a number of demons off it.
During his time in Italy, he came into contact with the Camorra — the Neapolitan mafia — and struggled with addiction.
He failed a drug test in 1991 and received a 15-month ban from the game.
A nomadic managerial career has followed his playing years, taking him from Argentina, to Mexico and to the United Arab Emirates. Most recently, he coached Gimnasia y Esgrima in Argentina.
Earlier this month, Maradona underwent successful surgery for a subdural hematoma — more commonly known as a blood clot on the brain.
Soccer world reacts
Tributes have flooded in with former clubs and players past and present paying their respects.
Fellow Argentine Lionel Messi, who many saw as the modern-day Maradona, said it was a “very sad day.”
“He leaves us but he doesn’t go anywhere because Diego is eternal. I keep all the beautiful moments lived with him and I wanted to send my condolences and best wishes to all of his friends and family,” Messi wrote on Instagram.
Meanwhile, Juventus star Cristiano Ronaldo said goodbye to an “eternal genius.”
Juan Pablo Varsky and Aleks Klosok contributed reporting.