In contemporary times, the problem of infertility is rising at an alarming rate in both men and women. Infertility is a condition that prevents a man or a woman from contributing successfully in the process of conceiving. The medical fraternity has high regard for In Vitro fertilization (IVF). It refers to a series of complex procedures that help a couple in conceiving a child successfully.
In the IVF process, mature eggs are retrieved from the ovaries. They are fertilized by sperm in the lab. After which the fertilized egg is planted in the uterus. A full cycle of IVF will take around three weeks. Each of these steps may be split into different parts; as a result, the process may take longer.
Why opt for IVF
IVF is considered effective for treating genetically related infertility problems. Before attempting IVF you and your partner may try other less-invasive fertility measures like intrauterine insemination, and administration of fertility drugs to increase egg production.
Women who are 40 years or above are generally recommended IVF as a primary treatment for dealing with infertility problems. IVF center in Thane can help you if certain health conditions are impeding your chances of conceiving successfully. For instance, IVF may be an option if you or your partner is coping with problems like:
Blocked or Damaged Fallopian Tubes: Mature eggs cannot reach the uterus if Fallopian tubes are blocked or damaged. Hence, they cannot be fertilized under normal circumstances.
Disorders in Ovulation: Irregularities in ovulation may lead to the absence or presence of fewer eggs impeding your chances of conceiving successfully.
Endometriosis: It is an anomaly in the proper functioning of the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes which is caused by the abnormal growth of uterine tissue implants outside the uterine wall.
Removal or sterilization of fallopian tubes: If you had to undergo tubal ligation, which is a type of sterilization in which the fallopian tubes are surgically removed or blocked for preventing pregnancy permanently. IVF is a potent solution to reverse the effects of tubal ligation.
Unexplained Infertility: There are some instances where the reasons for infertility cannot be diagnosed despite repeated examination and evaluation.
Gene related disorders: Genetic diseases have a propensity of being transferred from one generation to the next. Couples who perceive that there is a risk of passing on genetic abnormalities may opt for pre-implantation genetic testing. It is a procedure involving IVF. When the eggs are harvested and fertilized, it is possible to examine them for pre-existing genetic problems although it may not be possible to find all genetic problems. Through this process, only healthy embryos are identified and transferred to the uterus.
Fertility Preservation: IVF is a beneficial option for cancer patients who are about to go chemotherapy or radiation therapy that has a degenerative effect on your fertility. IVF is a befitting option for fertility preservation. Women can have their eggs harvested and freeze in an unfertilized state for later use. You can also fertilize the eggs as an embryo and use them soon.
Women devoid functional uterus or if the pregnancy poses a serious threat to one’s health, then IVF is a viable option available. Here, a gestational carrier or another person to carry the pregnancy. Here, fertilized eggs of the woman are placed in the uterine wall of the gestational carrier.
Also Read: #KnowIVF: IVF Myths And Facts
Chances of success
With IVF, there is no specific age limit. However, medical practitioners recommend that women over the age of 45 should not have the procedure done as there are higher chances of failure. The procedure is found to be effective if a pregnancy test results in positive after 10 to 14 days of fertilization. The procedure fails to work if a pregnancy test is negative after two weeks of fertilization.
IVF is the most effective form assisted technology used for human reproduction. The procedure can be done using your eggs or a partner’s sperm. IVF may also involve sperms and eggs from a donor known as an anonymous donor. Sometimes it also involves the use of surrogate where the embryo is implanted in the uterus of a carrier.
The chances of having a healthy child through IVF are a variable of several factors. Like your age, and the underlying reasons for infertility. IVF may prove to be a time-extensive procedure. If more than one embryo is transferred in your uterus, it can result in a pregnancy with more than one foetus.
In the medical world, IVF is still considered ambiguous because there are no established protocols of success. It is more of a hit or miss procedure. A woman who is facing the problem of the blocked or damaged fallopian tube can have Invitro fertilization performed. You must remember until now a few medical insurance schemes provide cover for infertility. Hence, you may have to pay for the expense of your pocket.
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